ABOUT BRUISES

What exatly is a bruise ?

What are bruise?

Bruises are formed when blood leaks from the capillaries in the various layers of the skin into the surrounding area. This is seen as red colouration on the skin and can be raised and nearly always painful initially.

How Do Bruises Form ?

Bruises result from a trauma to the skin, which causes the blood vessels to leak into the surrounding area. Bruises appear particularly with accidents, injections or operations and these can be prevented or minimized with a simple application of Bruise MD™ after the procedure or accident.

Bruises can appear quite raised where the damage to the area causes inflammation as well as the bruise. This is called a contusion.

Or alternatively, the bruise can be flat, but with the same level of discoloration. This iscalled an ecchymosis.

Both contusions and ecchymosis are the result of blood leaking into the tissue from damaged blood vessels. The degree of damage to the area normally dictates the size and severity of the bruise, but some patients are more susceptible to bruising because of their age or other medicines that they take.

Choosing a product to treat your bruise is important and BruiseMD™ is a safe, effective and clinically proven product you can rely on.

What Causes Bruises?

Bruises are caused by trauma to the skin or sometimes occur because of the age of the patient. The main causes are:

• Trauma. A blow to the skin will cause the leaking of small capillaries into the surrounding skin.
• Injections into the body, particularly Dermal Fillers, with over 90% of Dermal injections causing some sort of contusion. i
• Operations or medical interventions can cause bruising.
• Senile pupura are spontaneous outbreaks of bruising on the skin which is thought to occur in more than 10% of people over the age of 50. ii

Treatments for Bruises

There are many potential treatments for Bruises, but most have no evidence that they work that well. It was thought that certain plant based extracts and some vitamins work, because in some tests they have been found to break up blood, they were thought to be effective against bruising. In the majority of published studies both plant extracts and vitamins have not shown any real difference from no treatment at all. iii iv

Myths About Bruising

There are quite a few myths about treatments for bruises that are still used today:

Arnica is used a lot as a ‘natural’ treatment for bruising. Arnica has been proven in most studies to have no real effect on the outcome of bruising compared to using nothing or a placebo. vi

Raw Steak is often said to be a cure for bruising. Who hasn’t seen a film with an actor with a steak over their eye. The only effect that the steak will have is to cool the area.

References:

i David Funt ;Plastic Surgical Nursing January/March 2015;Volume 35;Issue 1;pp: 13-32 ;Dermal Fillers in Aesthetics: An Overview of Adverse Events and
Treatment Approaches
ii Berlin MD, Eisenberg,; Drugs Dermatol.2011;10(7):718-722.A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Study to Evaluate the Ecacy of a Citrus
Bioavanoid Blend in the Treatment of Senile Purpura
iii Am J Health System Pharm Vol 64 Dec 1 2007
iv Cohen J;The Role of Topical Vitamin K Oxide Gel in the Resolution of Post procedural Purpura; J Drug Derm; 2009; 8: 1020-1025.
v Zheng X1, Ray S, Bollag WB;Biochim Biophys Acta; 2003 Dec 7;1643(1-3):
vi Seely BM. Denton AB. Ahn MS, etal. Effect of homeopathic Arnica M’ontana on bruising in face-lifts:results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Arch Faccial Plat Surg. 2006; 8:54-59.

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